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Lisyones de Judeo-Espanyol |
MuestraLingua
AVER:
por Rachel Bortnick

En Estanbol Aviya una Djudiya  (There was a Jewish woman in Istanbul)

Focus:

A special verb, used in two ways:
1.  In third person form only, for THERE IS, THERE WAS, etc...

Prezente:

Ay   (There is/there are)

Egzemplo:   En Dallas ay dos universitas grandes.

Pasado Simple:

Uvo   (There was/ there were)

Egzemplo:   Ayer uvo un aksidente de otomobil en este lugar.

Pasado imperfekto:

Aviya   (There was/ there were)

Egzemplo:   Ayer aviya muncha djente en el sinema.

Note:
1.  AVIYA is used more often than UVO.
2.  AVIYA can also mean “there used to be...”)

Futuro 1:

Avra   (there will be)

Egzemplo:   Amanyana avra una konferensya en la universita.

Futuro 2:

Va aver   (there’s going to be)

Egzemplo:   En invyerno va aver muncha luvya.

2.  As an auxiliary, or helping verb, “have”, followed by the participle, in perfect tenses, as in:
  A.  No lo ave eskapado dayinda = I haven’t finished it yet.
Conjugated as:

Ave
Aves
Ave

Avemos
Avesh
Aven

  B.  El filmo ya aviya empesado kuando arivimos. = The film had already begun when we arrived.
Conjugated as:

Aviya
Aviyas
Aviya

Aaviyamos
Aviyash
Aviyan